Daughter of the "Father of the Fatherland", General Aung San, killed when she was only two years old, Aung San Suu Kyi was born in Yangon on June 19, 1945. At the age of 15 she left Burma to follow her mother, who became ambassador in India. Much of her life, the Asian leader spends abroad, especially in Great Britain. But in 1988, thanks to her mother's illness, Aung San Suu Kyi returned to her homeland. And it was precisely towards the end of the 1980s that his political career and in favor of human rights began, when the country, governed by the military since 1962, was shaken by massive demonstrations in favor of democracy, then repressed in blood. Suu Kyi starts giving speeches in front of hundreds of thousands of demonstrators and quickly becomes an opposition leader. In this capacity, he then decides not to leave Burma and begins to travel across the country preaching democratic change.
The regime, bewildered by the speed of events and in an attempt to stem the protests, concedes the elections, but first, in 1989, forced the opposition leader to house arrest. The new National League of Democracy (NLD), led by a Suu Kyi prisoner in her own house, triumphs at the polls in 1990, but the vote is not recognized by the generals and the opposition leader continues to be under house arrest, where she will remain for many more years. And it is during this period that she was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1991, then withdrawn only in 2012. An international recognition that, however, does not bend the regime, which continues to maintain Suu Kyi's life amid restrictions and deprivation of freedom.
In 1999, the generals offered her the opportunity to visit her sick husband, on condition, however, that she no longer returned to Burma, but Suu Kyi refused. With no Internet access and severe mail restrictions, Suu Kyi has no contact with her children. But if his opposition to the military dictatorship is viewed with admiration abroad, not everyone at home shares his unwillingness to any kind of compromise with the regime. The wall against the wall, according to some, has kept Burma steady for twenty years.
Aung San Suu Kyi's house arrest was lifted in 1995. But this does not mean freedom for the Asian leader. In fact, at the behest of the regime, women cannot leave the country and are constantly monitored. Over the years, many world leaders have been interested in her, such as the then UN Secretary General, Kofi Annan, and Pope John Paul II, as well as the United States and the European Union. In 2002, following strong pressure from the United Nations, Aung San Suu Kyi was granted greater freedom of action in the country. But on May 30, 2003, while on board a convoy with numerous supporters, a group of soldiers opened fire and massacred many people, and only thanks to the quick reflexes of her driver did she manage to escape. After this episode she was once again placed under house arrest, with the relative deterioration of her health.
In 2020 Aung San Suu Kyi's party, the National League for Democracy, again wins the political elections in Myanmar. General Min Aung Hlaing, head of the armed forces, disputes the results of the ballot and asks for it to be re-examined, but the electoral commission rejects the accusations. On February 1, 2021, the Burmese armed forces carry out a coup d'état and arrest Aung San Suu Kyi and other leaders of the ruling party, sparking mass protests in the country that are violently repressed. On December 6, 2021, Aung San Suu Kyi was sentenced to 4 years in prison on charges of inciting dissent against the military and violating anti Covid measures.
On Monday, December 6, 2021, a court in Naypyidaw, the capital of Myanmar, sentenced Aung San Suu Kyi, the Burmese political leader to house arrest since the military coup last February, to four years in prison. Aung San Suu Kyi was sentenced to two years for sedition and two years for violating coronavirus restrictions during the election campaign. Along with her, former Burmese president Win Myint was also sentenced.

The sentence was widely expected: after the February coup, the Burmese army established a military dictatorship in which freedoms were restricted and the judicial system brought under control. Monday's sentence also concerns only part of the trial in which Suu Kyi is accused and a part of the accusations that have been made against her: the judges have yet to rule on the crimes of corruption, violation of state secrets and the law on telecommunications.
The charges are more than ten, and Suu Kyi faces a sentence of over 100 years in prison.

The February coup was organized by the head of the Burmese armed forces, General Min Aung Hlaing, who later assumed the role of head of government, while former General Myint Swe, who had been one of the two vice presidents since 2016, was was appointed interim president. Until then, Aung San Suu Kyi, winner of the Nobel Peace Prize in 1991, was de facto head of the government. The coup took place on the day when the new Parliament was due to meet for the first time after the elections last November, clearly won by the National League for Democracy (NLD), the party of Aung San Suu Kyi, and lost by the Party for Solidarity and Development of the Union (USDP), supported by the military.
For months after the coup, thousands of people had protested in various cities of the country against the military junta and for the restoration of the elected government: the protests, especially this spring, had involved hundreds of thousands of people. The military junta has responded with a harsh repression: according to the non-governmental Assistance Association for Political Prisoners, 10,600 people have been arrested for political crimes since February, and 1,303 have been killed in the clashes and repression that followed.

However, the Burmese regime is far from stable: Myanmar's economy has collapsed and according to various analyzes the population is on the verge of a very serious famine. The military junta is also diplomatically isolated. In addition, in recent months, part of the opposition has begun to organize itself as a military force, with acts of guerrilla warfare, so much so that it is feared that a civil war could break out in the country.

It is not clear where and under what conditions Suu Kyi, who is 76, will have to serve her sentence. The Burmese leader has been in detention since February, she is not allowed to communicate with the outside world and there is very little news about her. News about the trial was also very limited: the military junta among other things banned Suu Kyi's lawyers from speaking to the media.

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