VISIT ITALY: BOTTICELLI, “LA PRIMAVERA”

"La Primavera" by Sandro Botticelli was performed between 1477 and 1482.
The scene is set in a shady orange grove (probably the garden of Venus, placed by mythology on the island of Cyprus) whose soil is characterized by a lawn strewn with flowers and other plant species (about five hundred species of plants) while a blue sky stands out in the background. The work should be read from right to left. The first act of the scene opens with Zephyr, the god of the spring wind blowing from the west, here depicted as a blue-green winged being, who bursts into the garden with such an impetus as to force the trees to bend. After a chase, the god reaches and grabs the nymph Clori, of whom he is in love, and possesses her with strength. The nymph is wrapped in a transparent dress and looks at him in fear. The result of this violent union is the metamorphosis of Clori into Flora, goddess of flowering and summer. the fruitful breath of the spring wind covers the bare winter vegetation with colors (Clori's breath is transformed into flowers that come out of her mouth). In the center, in a dominant and isolated position, Venus is depicted framed by a myrtle hedge (a plant sacred to her). The goddess wears a red cloak whose lapels reveal the celestial and gold-woven interior: they are the symbolic colors of Human Venus, that is, according to the humanists of the time, lady of human love, that is, moderate by the intellect, therefore distinct from purely sensual love, and capable of directing the low energies of desire towards the higher dimensions of spiritual love. From her central position, the goddess separates material senses and loves (represented on the right by Zephyr, Chloris and Flora) from spiritual values ​​(symbolized on the left by Graces and Mercury). The blindfolded son Cupid glides over Venus' head in the act of shooting an arrow towards one of the three Graces. The flame on the tip of the dart symbolizes the passion of love aroused by him. The goddess, with solemn gestures, supervises, directs and supports events. The central figure who turns his back on the viewer is the Grace towards which Cupid is pointing the arrow. She, distracted from the dance, seems to stare at Mercury who is there not far from her. The scene ends precisely with Mercury, the messenger of the gods, whose pose recalls that of Donatello's David. It can be recognized by the winged shoes and the wand held in the raised right hand.

VISIT ITALY: FIRENZE

Florence is the land of masters such as Leonardo da Vinci, Michelangelo, Donatello, Brunelleschi and Masaccio. A land full of culture and renaissance
The Dome by Brunelleschi
The Annunciation by Botticelli
DAVID by Michelangelo
Piazza della Signoria
The Last Supper by Leonardo da Vinci
Madonna by Raffaello
Walking in Florence
The cherubs of Raphael
Botticelli’s Venus
View of the cathedral of Florence
Interiors of the Palazzo Vecchio
Donatello’s David
The Old Bridge

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